Sections three and twelve in the Declaration of the Rights of Woman resonate with my work on settler colonialism in northeastern North America during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The principles set out here emphasize the importance of both women and men to fostering a dynamic political community as well as the need for women to have power within that community. These two political principles resonate with what I see in Wendat and Haudenosaunee politics where clan mothers play an essential role in selecting leaders and where married men lived with among their wives’ extended family. As a document written at the end of the eighteenth century, the Declaration is a reminder that gender is historically constructed and varies by time and place. Furthermore, in identifying these differences, the document helps us identify the ways in which Indigenous gender identities and relationships were seen as problematic for European imperialists. To learn more, consider taking History 1801E: Controversies in Global History, History 2201E: Canada: Origins to the Present, or History 3201E: European-Amerindian Relations in Canada.